HIVAIDS

HIVAIDSFacts on HIV & AIDS


1. HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
2. AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
3. HIV – A virus that enters in a Human body and attacks, destroys the
Immune system
4. AIDS – Full blown case of HIV when the body systems is incapable of
dealing with the virus or opportunistic infections.

STAGES OF HIV AND AIDS

1. Initial infection of HIV (1 to 6 weeks)
2. Seroconversion – Body produces HIV antibodies (6 -12 weeks of infection)
3. Asymptomatic Phase – Body fluids and cells will test positive for HIV and
no symptoms of AIDS
4. Symptomatic Stage
a) Weakened immune system
b) Drastic reduction of T4 – cell
c) Increased viral load
d) Death

HIV & AIDS MAIN MODE OF TRANSMISSION

a) Sexual intercourse – common mode 80%
b) Blood transfusion – Most efficient mode 5-10%
c) Mother to child transmission (PMTC) – 10%
d) Unsterilized piercing instruments.